The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison
ON THIS DAY, 16 JANUARY IN 1961, ONE OF AFRICA’S GREATEST SONS, PATRICE LUMUMBA, WAS ASSASSINATED WHILE RESISTING BELGIAN COLONIALISM IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
(Global African Presence)
On this date in 1989, House Resolution (H.R.) 40 was brought before the 1st Session of the 105th Congress.
John Conyers, Black Democrat from Michigan, presented it in the House of Representatives, the first formal attempt to obtain reparations to compensate African-Americans for slavery since Reconstruction. This act was cited as the “Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act.”
Briefly, H.R. 40 read as follows: “To acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.”
H.R. 40 had eight (8) sections in its full text. The last section (8) appropriated $8,000,000 as the price for finding out the extent of reparations.
Historic U.S. Cases 1690-1993:
An Encyclopedia New York
Copyright 1992 Garland Publishing, New York
BEFORE THE 1960s INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIANS CAME UNDER THE FLORA AND FAUNA ACT. THIS MEANT THAT THEY WERE NOT CONSIDERED HUMAN AND IT WAS THEREFORE NOT A CRIME TO KILL THEM. IT WAS NOT UNTIL JANUARY 1967 THAT ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIANS WERE DEEMED HUMAN BY THE AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT. Via SISTER LUANA SANDERS (Global African Presence) #Garvey #Alkebulan #Africa #RBG
If y’all missed out on the happenings in AFRICA #Alkebulan
GREAT AFRICAN FREEDOM FIGHTERS : NZINGHA OF NDONGO (1562-1663), By RUNOKO RASHIDI
Few in history have waged a greater resistance to enslavement than Nzingha of Ndongo. According to Dr. John Henrik Clarke, speaking of Nzingha, “Africa has known no greater patriot.” Nzingha, often referred to as Queen Nzingha or Ann N’zingha, was from Central Africa and spent the last forty years of her life fighting the European forces, particularly the Portuguese, who were trying to enslave whole people of the center of Africa. The fact that she was a woman gives us further cause to celebrate her as here we will not give Black women a subordinate status to Black men. We celebrate our heroes and our sheroes. Today, Nzingha is the national figure of the nation of Angola. She was truly a great African freedom fighter!